Trauma is usually thought of as a single incidence event such as a car accident. Trauma actually is the result of any experience, or series of experiences that overwhelm the nervous system. While positive memories are adaptive, a trauma remains frozen in time until processed. This is why when a trigger is experienced in the present, one may feel that they are suddenly transported to the past, mind and body.


After a trauma, the nervous system will either remain on alert or begin to shut down. Trauma symptoms are not a result of weakness but instead a way the brain tries to protect itself from danger.


Trauma can be either a single incident (such as an unexpected loss), multi-incident (such as multiple losses or a series of times being victimized), or complex (such as chronic childhood abuse and chaos).


Symptoms of trauma include . . . 

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Grief/Guilt

  • Anxiety

  • Depression

  • Phobias

  • Paranoia

  • Shame

  • Addictions

  • Difficulty Sleeping

  • Trouble Trusting Others

  • Chronic Pain

  • Mood Swings

  • Lack of Concentration



Attachment is a deep and enduring bond between a child and caregiver that is established in the first several years of life. This bond has tremendous influence over the lifespan. This connection impacts emotions, cognition, ability to trust, spirituality, morality, and the ability to create future bonds.


Attachment is something that parents and children create together in an ongoing reciprocal relationship. Attachment to a safe and nurturing caregiver is one of the most basic of human needs. Babies are born with the instinct to reach out for a "secure base" and parents respond with an instinct to protect and nurture.


When a secure attachment is present, babies and children . . . 


  • Learn basic trust that is the template for all relationships to come

  • Develop the ability to cope with emotions and manage impulses

  • Establish morality, empathy, and compassion

  • Explore the world with feelings of safety and confidence

  • Create resilience when faced with struggles


Attachment can be disrupted for a variety of reasons, not just parental abuse or neglect. Illness in the family, death of a caregiver, poverty, stress, sensory processing issues, parental conflict, etc can all contribute to an insecure attachment.


When a child or an adult is struggling to trust self and others due to insecure attachment, there are several therapeutic approaches available to build secure attachment at any age. Our goal is to help our clients heal from disrupted attachments and feel secure inside and in the world.